21st - 26th October 2017
Writing: Flo Copp (Year 13) and Matthew Dagnall (Year 13)
Photography: Flo Copp (Year 13) and Matthew Dagnall (Year 13)
Editing: Thomas Franks (Year 13)
Having broken up for half term the night before, 50 bleary eyed Sixth Form historians and politicians arrived back at Challoner’s on Saturday morning far, far too early to head off on what promised to be a highlight of their Sixth Form experience. After an extremely sleepy bus ride to Heathrow, the students perked up at the idea of duty free and quickly lost themselves in the multitude of films available on the flight. Eight hours later we were in the land of the free and the home of the brave.
That evening, the students ate in Ben’s Chili Bowl. This historic diner has fed the likes of Barack Obama, Bill Cosby and Hillary Clinton so seemed suitable for staff and students on their first night in Washington D.C. After the delicious meal the diner showed a video explaining its history which included donating food to the participants in the March on Washington during the Civil Rights Movement. With full stomachs and inspired minds, the jet lagged students didn’t need any encouraging from the staff to go to bed.
The first full day in Washington began with a scandalous start- visiting Ford’s Theatre where one of the nation’s most famous presidents, Abraham Lincoln, was shot. The museum in the theatre was a great exhibition of Lincoln’s presidency and was particular useful to the historians who are studying the American Civil War as part of their A Level course whilst also helping the politicians understand the various historical events which had shaped the country. A member of the theatre staff briefly explained both the theatre and Lincoln’s histories, as well as showing us the box where Lincoln would have sat, decorated in the style it would have been on the night.
From the most famous president to the first president, the following part of the trip took the students to the grand Washington Monument; the tallest building in the capital. The monument, which is in the centre of a cross marked by some of the most important sites in the capital, was an iconic visit and our tour guide, Truman, was able to tell the students a great deal about the monument itself and the circumstances around it.
Having started the day learning about the events following the end of the Civil War, the next stop was the resting place of many of the soldiers who fought in it. Arlington Cemetery, Virginia is a 624 acre site with more than 14,000 veterans buried there. The opportunity to walk around the different areas of Arlington whilst hearing about how the military cemetery was first created gave the students a moment of poignant reflection as they considered the military role of America both in its history and its present. The last activity of an unbelievably full day was a night tour of Georgetown in which the students heard a number of ghost stories and general facts about life around the capital.https://drive.google.com/open?id=1qlicOMEdMmPUa8BHkZgzYS3JrCZ7O5ES
The second day had a more political focus, and where better a place to start than Congress? After a short film about the legislative branch of the U.S the students went on a tour around the building and took in all the beautiful architecture which was built specifically to impress visitors to Congress. It was fascinating to hear how intentional everything about the design was, ensuring that the States and their history are represented in all of the paintings, accentuating the mentality which many of the Year 13s are exploring in their Politics studies this year. Students were even allowed to sit in the gallery of the House of Representatives to see the House in session. This was an amazing experience as it really brought to life the work done in Congress, and being able to speak directly to the Deputy Speaker afterwards was an incredible bonus!
The afternoon was spent enjoying a walking tour around the city and included fascinating stops. One particular site of interest was the National Archives which contained in it some of the founding documents of the U.S including the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. It was amazing for the students to see the documents which had such national significance, made even clearer by the close guarding and strict rules for even being near the documents. Another popular stop was Lincoln Memorial which provided great photo opportunities and the chance for students to stand at the scene of so many historical events including Dr Martin Luther King Junior’s ‘I have a dream’ speech.
Another part of the tour took the students to the various war memorials in the centre of the city and much like Arlington, this experience was extremely sobering for the students as they were able to see the different ways in which the U.S honoured its soldiers who had fought in more recent wars. The Freedom Wall was one of the most impactful memorials as it was adorned with 4,048 gold stars- one to represent 100 fallen soldiers from WWII. The beautiful monument symbolised so much sacrifice, and the dedication which has gone into its maintenance demonstrates the reverence and respect with which the veterans are honoured. Visiting the more modern Vietnam War Memorial was also extremely thought-provoking. The crosses and diamonds next to the names represented combatants who were missing or had died in action respectively, but they could be ingeniously turned around into a diamond if the soldier was found.
The third day saw a long trip into Pennsylvania to one of the critical battlefields of the American Civil War - Gettysburg. First, we went to the Gettysburg museum and were able to grasp a better understanding of the three-day battle. We saw many artefacts including original weapons, uniform, and trees with bullets embedded in them. The museum utilised 3D glasses which allowed us to get a better idea of what the battle was like. The museum ended with a film showing recreations of the battle.
We then travelled through the town of Gettysburg, passing countless statues of Abraham Lincoln and even seeing houses with bullet marks, preserved from the battle. Our excellent tour guide Truman showed us around the area where the battle would have commenced and we observed numerous memorials. It was also a privilege to be able to see real cannons used in the war - they were able to fire at targets over a mile away.
As we walked around the areas where the fighting commenced over the three days, our guide Truman re-told the story of the battle day by day. It was exciting to re-live the battle and Truman was an excellent tour guide, answering all our questions with his seemingly infinite knowledge. Before we headed back to Washington, we had just enough time to sample some of the local cuisine- McDonald's and KFC.
When we returned to the capital of the free world, we were briefed on our next activity - the Washington Challenge. An Apprentice-esque task, we had to fulfil nine challenging missions in teams and make it back to the hotel before a certain time. Tasks included a group selfie with a US citizen, purchasing a tacky souvenir and a visit to the White House. As the teams rushed around the metro and ran around the mall, Mr Colquhoun's team came out clear victors due to their uber-competitive strategy - this was obviously no joke to the Head of Sixth Form. They were shortly followed by Mrs Orr’s and Mr Lafferton’s teams, whilst a good while later Miss West’s team rocked up having completed barely half of the tasks- at least they claimed to have enjoyed themselves. Unfortunately, there were no sightings of President Trump, despite one group seeing an open curtain and observing a discussion taking place in the White House.
On the final day, we visited George Washington's resident at Mount Vernon - a fitting end to the trip. We saw where he lived, his bedroom and even the quarters of his slaves. Finishing at the back of the house, we were greeted with a picturesque view of the Potomac River which flows through Washington.
And before anyone knew it, the five-day trip was already over. A brief stop at Potomac Mills, one of the world’s largest shopping malls, gave students a final opportunity to whittle away their spare dollars- some on clothes and others on large portions of M&M’s. Soon enough we were back in a very familiar rainy England, all of us in need of a very good night’s sleep. It was a truly unforgettable trip filled with great experiences and an undeniable educational value. Thanks must go to Mr Buckland for leading the trip, Mrs Orr for organising it, and Mr Colquhoun, Mr Lafferton and Miss West for taking time out of their holiday to help out.